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Czech Motorcycles

Motorcycles Built in Czechoslovakia

Notes on some of the rarer Czech marques

This page lists brands of which little historical information is currently available.
For a more complete listing visit the Czech Index.

B

Barry
Manufactured by the brothers Bardas in Moravia, 1932-1939
Friedrich Drkosch designed racing motorcycles with 247cc engines, and also the 98cc two-stroke "Barry Volksmotorrad".
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


BD
Manufactured by Breitfeld & Danek, Prague 1927-1929
Designed by the famed JF Koch the BD unit-construction DOHC 498cc single quickly became a very popular mount. The firm was purchased by Praga and the BD became the Praga BD - and a legend was born.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Bekamo (CZ)
The Czech branch of the German firm used the Westendarp & Pieper TX machines as the basis for their 129 cc and 173 cc motorcycles, using German Bekamo engines until 1925 when the engines were built locally. There is a suggestion of the use of frames built by Aeros of Kaaden.
The Bekamo factory in Czechoslovakia was active from about 1923 until 1930.

Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Bezdez
Manufactured in Bezdezem 1923-1926
The Czech factory built auxiliary bicycle engines and light motorcycles with 145cc single-cylinder engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


BV
Manufactured by Balzer & Vemola, Prostejova 1923-1930
The firm produced almost all components, including engines and gearboxes, in their own factory.
They built a 173 cc two-stroke, along with 346 cc and 496 cc single cylinder four-strokes, and in 1925 an OHC 496cc racing motorcycle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


C

CAS
Manufactured by Ceska Automobilova Spolecnost, Prague 1921-1924
Built two-stroke motorcycles and scooters of 173cc and 225 cc, some of which were distinctive with their full disc wheels. The scooter was lean, long and low, with the engine mounted behind the forks at the rider's feet. The firm also built microcars powered by 129cc and 147cc boxer-twin engines.
Cas scooter (1921) - 180cc, 0,9 kW, 35 km/h max speed, weight 48 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Caslavia
Manufactured by Buhumil Hudec Velocipedy, Caslav 1902-1903
No further information at present.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


D

Dálník
Manufactured by Jan Anderle, Prague
Dálník 250 Prototyp (circa 1942) 248.5cc, 9 hp, weight 120 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


E

Eisler
Manufactured by Tovarna na Stroje, Eisler & Spol., Morava 1920-1926
Established as a manufacturer of agricultural machinery, production of auxiliary bicycle engines began around 1920. These 148cc two-strokes were used in their motorcycles which had a bright red chassis.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


ESO
Manufactured by Eso (Jawa), Divisov 1949-1969
Built speedway, moto-cross and road-going motorcycles with OHV engines of 250cc to 500cc. Early in the 1960s production was devoted entirely to speedway machines, and this factory was taken over by Jawa in 1969. Production of the speedway bikes continued but under the Jawa name.
See also ESO Joli
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


H

Hurikan
Manufactured in Ceské-Budéjovic 1946-1948
Designed by Jaroslav Vlk, the Hurikan had an OHC 250cc engine and was considered an advanced sports machine.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Itar
Manufactured by Jaroslav Janatka, Automontage, Prague, 1920s
Itar motorcycles were supplied almost exclusively to the Czech armed forces.
Itar 710 of 1924: 706 cm3, 14 hp, 90 km/h max speed, 170 kg weight.


J

JAC
Manufactured by Tovarna na Motocykly, JA Cvach, Horazdovice 1929-1932
The motorcycle has a unit-construction 498cc engine with cardan shaft drive and a steel frame, and a very low saddle.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Jelinek
Manufactured by Josef Jelinek, Vyroba Motocyklu, Prague 1902-1908
The motorcycles used engines from Orion, Minerva and Fafnir. A Fafnir model is on display at the Museum Burg Kámen.
Jelinek 1904 397cc, 2.5 hp, 60 km/h max speed, 65 kg weight. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice

K

Kohout
Manufactured by Petr Kohout & Co., Brno 1905-1907
Motorcycles were built using single-cylinder Minerva and Fafnir engines of 2.5 hp and 2.75 hp.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


L

Linser, Zeus
Manufactured by 1902-1910 Christian Linser, Reichenberg
Founded in 1858, the company was one of the oldest metalwork factories in the Czech realm, and had its own foundry.
Their first single-cylinder motorcycles were marketed under the name Zeus, which they changed in 1906 to Linser after which they produced mainly V-twins until 1912. They then produced automotive parts for other manufacturers.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


M

Merfait
Manufactured by Bedrich Merfait, Prague 1905-1916
Presented the 2hp belt-drive v-twin motorcycle at the 1905 Prague Motor Show,
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Motor Company 1000 (1924) 980cc

Motor Company
Built by Motor Company, Prague
These were the most expensive motorcycles built in the country at the time. They used JAP engines, Sturmey Archer transmissions and Brampton forks. Production figures were low.
Motor Company 1000 (1924) 980cc, 22 hp, 100 km/h max speed, weight 177 kg. An example of this machine is exhibited at the National Technical Museum, Prague.


N

Nawratil
Manufactured by Emanuel Nawratil, Dombrová 1907-1908
The 3 hp motorcycle ran an evaporative carburettor.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


O

Orlice
Manufactured by Rudolf Stásek, Týniste nad Orlice, 1904-1908
These were unremarkable single cylinder machines with magneto ignition. The firm also produced bicycles, continuing until 1939.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


P

Pavlicek
Manufactured by Hynek Pavlicek, Tischnowitz 1909-1913
Using Kohout engines, the firm built motorcycles with a very long wheelbase requiring very long handlebars as the saddle was situated well to the rear.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Perun
Manufactured by Josef Zdarky, Podolia 1906-1926
Most of the firm's out put consisted of 500cc motorcycles with Sturmey Archer gearboxes.
Perun 1909 3 HP, 454cc, 70 km/h max speed, weight 67 kg.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Polanecky
Manufactured by Zdenek Polanecký, Prague 1913-1915
The small firm produced motorcycles with its own patented engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Poustka
Built by František Poustka, Prague
Poustka 150 (1923) 147cc, 4.7 hp, 60 km/h max speed, weight 68 kg.


Premier
Manufactured by Akciová spol. 1913-1933 (or 1931)
Premier was a British firm founded in Coventry in 1908. A branch was formed in Nuremberg in 1911, and the company moved to Eger shortly before the onset of the first war. After the demise of the English parent company, Premier CZ developed their own models fitted with JAP and Python engines from Rudge-Whitworth. During the 1920s the Czech factory became the largest producer of motorcycles in the country.
Premier 500 Model SL 39 (1931) 494cc 22 hp, 140 km/h max speed, weight 140 kg.
See also Premier Cycle Co.
Source: meisterdinger.de, et al.


R

Rösler & Jauernig
Manufactured in Aussig 1903-1907
The Rösler & Jauernig bicycle factory created an automobile and motorcycle division in 1903. Motorcycles came in three single-cylinder versions: 2.5, 2.75 and 3.5 hp, with a capacity of 317cc or 427cc. They were fitted with a modern carburetor, Bosch magneto ignition and, unusual for the time, chain drive.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Rozehnal
Manufactured by Vladimir Rozehnal, Paskau 1905-1909
The entire motorcycle including the engine was built in the small factory. The engines were vertical singles with an external flywheel and transmission was by belt.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


S

Satan
Built by Šikýř-Rott (Sikyr-Rott), Prague
Satan (1930) 540cc, 10 hp, 90 km/h max speed, weight 158 kg.


Schmidt
Manufactured by Adolf Schmidt, Bohemian-Leipa 1901-1902
The second-oldest motorcycle firm in Czechoslovakia, their machines used frames from Dürkopp and Styria fitted with Kelecom engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Slavia
Manufactured in Mladá Boleslav (Bohemia)
Models:
Slavia B (1901) - Laurin & Klement, 240 cm3, 1.5 kW (2 hp), 40 km / h max speed, 55 kg weight.
Slavia Bz (1905) - Laurin & Klement 331 cm3, 1.8 kW (2.5 hp), 60 km / h max speed, 58 kg weight.
Slavia CCR (1905) - Laurin & Klement 812 cm3, 3.7 kW (5 hp), 85 km / h max speed, 76 kg weight.


Stefania
Manufactured by Möldner & Skreta, Liberec 1903-1904
The Czech bicycle factory briefly built motorcycles with 305cc engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


T

Torpedo
Manufactured by Frantisek Trojan & Nagl, Krolin 1903-1914
Their motorcycles were fitted with 3hp Benz engines.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


V

Vechet
Manufactured by Vojmir Vechet, Nymburk 1906-1908
The majority of the motorcycles produced by the factory were sidecar combinations with engines which were most likely from Laurin & Klement.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Vulcan
Manufactured from 1904 to 1907 in Turnau
Founded by J. & F. Zdarsky, the firm changed hands in 1906 with Karel Ruzicka the new owner. Models include the single-cylinder Type B 3.5 hp and the Type CD 4.5 hp V-twin, both of 1904, and a Type C 3.5 hp single in 1905.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


W

Wacek
Manufactured by Augustin Wacek, Pecha 1908-1914
The small firm marketed modified rebadged Orlice motorcycles.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice


Walter
There were two Walter marques. The first was manufactured by Josef Walter, Prague 1898-1922.
The company details for the early years are listed as Josef Walter, Výroba motocyklů a automobilů, Smíchov (Bohemia)
Founded as a bicycle manufacturer, the first motorcycle was built in 1901 and entered production in 1903, continuing until 1912 when the firm switched to the automobile industry.
Josef's son Jaroslaw, who worked for CZ after 1949 as chief engineer for sports and racing machines, is believed to have continued motorcycle production under the Walter marque until 1948.
A 1909 Walter Model B 1022cc machine is on display at the National Technical Museum, Prague.

There is a 1948 Walter 250 at the Solvang museum.
There is no relationship to the German firm of the same name.
Sources: GTU Oldtimerservice, et al.




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