Turner was a motorcycle produced in 1946. It was a radical contraption
and a one-off. It was seen in Brussels in April 1946, called the TurnerByvan, and was constructed from components left over after the end
of World War II. It had a 126cc Royal
Enfield wartime Flying Flea engine and three-speed gearbox,
mounted on top of the pressed-steel front forks and which drove the wheel
The rest of the machine was a large box, fitted with forks to provide a
mounting for a wheel at the rear, and with a seat for the rider on top.
In effect, it was just a large parcel carrier and nothing further came
The Turner Manufacturing Company was an engineering business
around the middle of the 19th century.
In 1902 the company's owner, James Burns Dumbell, started production
of motor cars, having obtained the manufacturing rights of a well established vehicle,
the Belgian Miesse steam car, from the Brussels based company of J. Miesse.
The Turner-Miesse steam cars were initially produced at the company's
works in Walsall Street. The car had a three cylinder, single acting engine
(steam only admitted above the piston) with a paraffin-fired flash boiler.
1906 Private company formed as Turners Motor Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
1913 April. Advert of 10 hp 4-cylinder model
1938 Name changed.
1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers
1961 Engineers, manufacturing aircraft hydraulic components, winch gear
and machined components for the automotive trade and hydraulic and pneumatic
equipment. 800 employees.
Turner Manufacturing Company of Wulfruna Works, Villiers Street,
Turner Powertrain Systems, founded in 1859, was purchased by Caterpillar
in 1996. Its manufacturing output has, at various times, included cars,
tractors, diesel engines and aircraft landing gear. In recent decades,
it has focused on transmissions.
1914 Directory lists them as Turner, T., and Co., Lever Street,
Wolverhampton and as motor car manufacturers.
Thomas Turner started in business by manufacturing velocipedes, cycles
and cars. The car production wasn't terribly successful and ceased in 1928
when faced with competition from mass produced vehicles.
In the 1930s Turners started to manufacture aircraft landing gear, as a
result of WWII this sold in such quantities that the works at Moorfield
Road had to be enlarged. I read that they also produced a marine diesel
engine at this time.
In common with many other industries in the UK post the war they found
themselves with excess capacity after the war and looked again at producing
vehicles. There was great interest in increasing agricultural production
at the time so Turners started producing agricultural machinery. This resulted
in the "Yeoman of England" tractor. The engine was designed in house by
a Freeman Sanders who also developed the Fowler diesel and Ferguson TEF20
engine. A range of accessories was also developed including ploughs, cultivators,
harrows and mowers.
1950 The tractor was submitted for test by the NIAE in June 1950 whereupon
several problems were found. The radiator was too small and the engine
overheated when undergoing a belt test. Problems were also found with the
transmission. After these problems had been solved the tractor went on
sale for £690 which was more expensive than the opposition. Unfortunately
problems continued to surface, the air cleaner had to be replaced because
the elements were breaking up and being drawn in to the engine cylinders.
The engine didn't start very well in cold weather and many machines suffered
from head gasket failure. The major problem remained the transmission wasn't
sufficiently robust, resulting in many failures. Thus even though the engine
was re-designed in 1951, the tractor had gained a bad reputation. Predictably
sales were affected although production apparently continued until 1957
although alternative tractors were available for some £300 less.
In the late 1940s a separate company was formed called Light Delivery
Vehicles which operated from Lever Street where the two wheeled "Byvan",
costing £120 and the three wheeled "Trivan", costing £150 were
produced. Both vehicles were powered by a 148cc two stroke Turner engine
giving a top speed of 30mph.
The "Byvan" was a motorcycle equipped with a steel carrying box capable
of a 1.5cwt load. In comparison the "Trivan" had two rear wheels with a
3cwt carrying capacity.
Another product was the "Rixi" which was seemingly derived from the "Trivan"
(seen in the picture either side of this text) and had a four person seat
above the two rear wheels. All of these products shared one thing in common
in that they were not successful which in all honesty seems to sum up Turner"s
engineering products in general.